By: Mohammed Ghattas
As humans, are we sealing our fates, or autonomous and given our carte blanche? I may be compelled to do a plethora of things and their ramification is inevitable from the set in train, or I may choose without let or hindrance, and the reverberations of my choices will be miscellaneous grounding in my selection.
As the twilight of this cogitation, am I given the carte blanche, or I am jolted out of choice?
A dagger-dawn story:
Here is a story; In 2000, there was a man called Alex. This man’s sexual propensities rehabilitated drastically and in a blot from the blue manner. He has set the wheels in motions watching sexual movies for children in torrents; this fomented and aggravated that he took the time endeavoring to molest one of his relatives. His wife became dubious; it leaped out of her skin when she saw the manifold children’s sexual movies on his device. After a fleeting time, he was arrested from his home; he was convicted of sexual abuse and was sent to the prison’s sanatorium for recovering from such a minefield.
To be writ large, his tendencies remained that he endeavored to assault one of the workers. By dint of that, he was sent to the prison. In one of the evenings, he has a pernicious headache. Sent to the emergency room, the doctors found out a big tumor in his orbitofrontal cortex after examining the rays. The doctors made the surgery of jettisoning this lump; he recuperated after this operation. Subsequent to a year from the surgery, this woe exacerbated again. He went to the hospital. The doctors realized that a part of this tumor was not eradicated from the last operation. He has been on the same surgery, and the lump was shed.
When delving into such a story, you will find that it is eminently abysmal; small transformations in the brain can influence our lusts, predispositions, our deeds and our ability to assume airs controlling them; it may abandon us from choice. For instance, Alex was not disgruntled or indignant; he did not feel that a tumor was conquering him. When asking before knowing about the lump, he avowed that he gave in his lusts.
A more-often-than-nor queried question:
This story begets asking a question -- are we have the latitude, and the free rein to make our decisions, or we are just a biological machine governed by a brain in a specific community, that we did not rest upon. Courtesy of such a trifling change in the human’s brain, a heinous action like sexual abuse transpired. Molesting children is exceedingly prejudicial and deleterious; the amount of the psychological harm on account of that is appalling, and it may occasion this child to be a criminal, molester, or even a slaughter. Pursuant the ministry of justice in the USA, about 70 percent of criminals has met with psychological harm in their childhood. Since only a tumor can occasion implementing such pernicious actions, which will be germane to other ruinous behaviors, ergo where are we from all these?
Science meddling and elucidations:
Indubitably, this question is abstruse but famous in the scientific society; it has upset the apple cart for a profusion of years. In 1985, Benjamin Lebit published a paper concomitant of that; he put an electroencephalogram (EEG) to know more about the brain’s electricity. After putting the EEG, he placed a clock against the volunteers and asked them to press on its button at a time telling him when they wanted to press and when the have already pressed. After examining the EEG, Benjamin perceived the awareness of intention and the action; this was languid. On the contrary, he discovered something new before the awareness -- the readiness potential. Why there is so?
This experiment was an apple of discord amid people between a proponent and an opponent. Everything was like an arcadian life till 2008; John Hayens published a paper in nature neuroscience that was the apple of discord that was not for 20 years. His experiment was similar to Benjamin’s, but the new thing was that he was able to detect the brain’s action 10 seconds before it is in 60 percent via the brain’s intensity, employing such devices like FMRI and EEG! In UCLA, Itzhak Fried was studying the people meeting with epilepsy where electrodes were implanted inside their brains. After recording each cell, the percentage augmented to 80 percent. Owing to this paper, the conflict resurged.
In 2009, a paper was published in Science magazine. While people’s skulls were cut and they are awake by the way, surgeons tried electrifying some parts of the brain. As soon as applying so in inferior parietal cortex in a low intensity way, the person yearned for licking his lips. This is mundane! Our body needs things that is indisputable. After doing the same but deployed a high intensity electricity, the person thought that his licked his lips and uttered something, albeit he has not done neither. Moreover, when electrifying the premotor regions, the arm will move even if you did not do that.
Wittily, did we reach a remedy to this conundrum? No, or it may change grounding in each person’s comprehension of the meaning of both of course provided there is an explication. Even if on condition that the person is self-imposing, there are a cornucopia of evidence that all these choices are scarce; the body has his position, power, and authority— which will couch not only his desires, but his volition into the bargain.
Sundry scientists construed that these experiments would surmount this paradox; they said that the person can make his own choices. Others said that freedom is not in deciding; it is in controlling it. Humans can make their own choices, but with somethings they had not the ability to pick and choose them like there genes, their parent, their choices, their community whose woes will be their propriety as time passes. The choices are, but they are rare. The less the thing is, the more valuable it will be.