Written by: Selina Liu
Have you ever lost your words before? Well, if this happens very often, you should watch out for aphasia.
Aphasia is the general brain dysfunction of the four aspects of communication- auditory comprehension, verbal expression, reading and writing, and functional communication. Aphasia is the general category of the disorder; if you have a specific part (or several parts) that dysfunctions, the name for the aphasia varies. Today, let us talk about the most common aphasia- Wernicke’s.
What is Wernicke's aphasia? The definition and meaning behind Wernicke’s
In Wernicke’s aphasia, it’s the inability to understand the meaning of spoken words and sentences. Although it is the most common type of aphasia, studies have shown that it would not influence one’s intelligence. Some may wonder why specifically the name Wernicke’s. This is because the dysfunctional area of the brain in the Wernicke’s aphasia individuals is responsible for processing the meaning of words and spoken language. Such damage includes left posterior temporal regions of the brain, known as Wernicke’s area, hence the name. The cause of the disorder can be neurological and can also be caused because of tumors or head trauma.
How does this affect the brain - perhaps consider the impact it can have on a person’s behavior?
Although people with Wernicke’s aphasia can easily speak at a normal rate, sometimes with more sophisticated words, they may fail to realize that they are using the wrong words or using a non-existent word and often they are not fully aware that what they say doesn’t make sense. For example, the individual may say, "delicious taco", meaning "The dog needs to go out so I will take him for a walk" when there is no correlation between these two phrases.
Symptoms/ signs to look out for
How many people in the country/state/globe are affected + Age groups
Over 2 million people in the United States are currently affected by aphasia and over 250,000 people in Great Britain. However, more people have aphasia than have many other common conditions, including cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, or muscular dystrophy.
Older individuals have the highest risk of developing aphasia because the danger of stroke increases with age: approximately 75% of all strokes occur in individuals over the age of 65 include documented cases of aphasia as a symptom.
Are there any potential treatments?
Therapy with friends is encouraged, but mostly medical interventions for the elimination of tumors.